Artifacts & Documents: Pictures and Paintings

"Sugar Loaf Mountain, Deerfield", Orra White Hitchcock

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Orra White Hitchcock created 232 plates and 1135 woodcuts in her husband Edward Hitchcock's various publications. Her illustrations reveal how generations of European settlement and land use had altered the landscape, for example, with farms and houses. A prominent company, Pendleton's Lithography, printed many of Orra's pieces, including this one of Mount Sugarloaf in Deerfield, Massachusetts. Although intended as scientific illustrations, her landscape views are often more picturesque than topographically correct. It is interesting to note that the knob that appears on the top right-hand side of Orra's view of Mount Sugarloaf no longer exists. A large part of the mountain is composed of sandstone, which erodes quickly.  The knob eroded and fell off some time after this image was created.


Orra White Hitchcock
Courtesy of:
Pocumtuck Valley Memorial Association Library